ARGUMEN KONSERVASI LINGKUNGAN SEBAGAI TUJUAN TERTINGGI SYARI’AH

Mudofir, Mudofir (2009) ARGUMEN KONSERVASI LINGKUNGAN SEBAGAI TUJUAN TERTINGGI SYARI’AH. Doctoral thesis, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The research proves the weakness of al-dharūrāt al-khamsah theory proposed by al-Syāthibî in al-Muwāfaqāt and his followers who take his theory as the supreme goal of Syari’ah. This theory that safeguards five components: religion, soul, brain, offspring, and property which are called al-dharūrāt al-khamsah, will basically mean nothing when the environment is in acute threat. Thus, safeguarding environment shall be the supreme goal of Syari’ah. Besides, this research also proves the misconception of reductionism on the universe proposed by Rene Descartes and Isaac Newton. Reductionism causes secularization of cosmos so that universe will experience aggression that worsening environmental crisis. This research also turns down the concept of Fazlur Rahman in “Major Themes of the Qur’an” that places human being in the center so that it tends to be anthropocentric and prone to be the conqueror of the universe. Furthermore, this Dissertation also turns down the the idea of Nurcholish Madjid in Islam, Doktrin, dan Peradaban in which he defines tawhîd as devaluation of meaning or desacralization on things but Allah. Such a concept is perilous because non-Devine entities become not important and may be exploited. This Dissertation also refutes the idea of Ibn ‘Arabî in Futūhāt al-Makkiyah who considers the universe as only imagination or fake and endanger the spirit of man to care for it with full of responsibility. The conclusion of this Dissertation strengthen researchs of eco-thinkers be it from the West and Orient such as Arne Naess, Henry David Thoreau, John Muir, John McCormick, Fritjof Capra, Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Ziauddin Sardar, M. Fadlun Khalid, Musthafa Abu Sway, Yusuf Qaradhawi, and Tu Wei Ming who, in their works, appeal the worldwide to reconsider the wisdom of Great Religions in coping the environmental crisis and population explosion. This Dissertation puts the stress on the important in developing Syari’ah concepts on environmental conservation amid the global crisis so that it gains it relevance and effectiveness. This Dissertation applies comparative analysis technique namely, comparing the works on Syari’ah based-environmental conservation, environmental ethic, and ecology from eco-thinkers in order to draw conclusion. In addition, the sources of Syari’ah (al-Qur’an and Hadits as well interpretation on both) are read by means of hermeneutics approach in order to enrich the conclusion behind the textual ‘facts’ in order to yield a comprehensive analysis and free from excessive biases.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: 2x Islam > 2x4 Fikih
Divisions: Karya Dosen
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email syihabumillamanan@gmail.com
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2018 03:43
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2018 03:43
URI: http://eprints.iain-surakarta.ac.id/id/eprint/1747

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